- (c. 1460-1523)Painter from Oudewater, Holland, the son of Jan David, also an artist who was probably responsible for Gerard's training. In 1484, David became a member of the painter's guild in Bruges and, when Hans Memlinc died in 1494, he took his place as the city's leading master. In 1501, David was elected dean of the guild, having already served in its council for several years. His Christ Nailed to the Cross (c. 1480—1404; London, National Gallery) exemplifies his early style, characterized by the use of strong colors, motionless figures, and little emotional content. Once David arrived in Bruges and was exposed to Memlinc's art, his style changed drastically. His figures became softer and more naturalistic, and his modeling of forms and rendering of space became more rational. His Judgment of Cambyses (1498; Bruges, Groeningemuseum) demonstrates these changes. Here, space is established through the use of the tiles on the floor, the diagonal placement of the figures, and a gradual recession culminating in various adjoining spaces. The story, taken from the writings of Herodotus, shows the arrest, judgment, and flaying of the unfair judge Sisamnes — a fitting subject for a work commissioned for the council room of Bruges' Town Hall.After the Judgment of Cambyses, David's art again underwent a transformation. He shed the excessive overcrowding of his earlier works and gave his figures a certain gentility. His Marriage at Cana (c. 1503; Paris, Louvre) and Mystic Marriage of St. Catherine (1505; London, National Gallery), this last painted for Virsch van Capelle, the cantor of St. Donatian in Bruges, feature this softening and delicacy in the appearance of the individuals depicted. David's most important work is the Altarpiece of the Baptism of Christ (c. 1502-1507; Bruges, Groeningemuseum), a triptych with the donors Jan de Trompes of Ostende, his wife Elizabeth van der Meersch, and their children witnessing the event at either side. David was the last of the great masters from Bruges; after his death, the city lost its artistic preeminence to Antwerp.
Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. Lilian H. Zirpolo. 2008.
Look at other dictionaries:
David Gerard — David Gérard Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gérard et Gérard David. David Gérard, né le 26 novembre 1977 à Toulon (Var), est un joueur de rugby à XV français. Il a joué en équipe de France et évolue au poste de deuxième ligne au sein … Wikipédia en Français
David Gerard — may refer to: Dave Gerard, American cartoonist See also David Gerrard, New Zealand swimmer David Garrard, American football quarterback Gerard David, Dutch painter This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the same … Wikipedia
David Gérard — Date of birth 26 November 1977 (1977 11 26) (age 33) Place of birth Toulon, France Height 1.99 m (6 ft 6 1⁄2 in) Weight 118 kg (18 st 8 lb) … Wikipedia
David Gérard — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Gérard et Gérard David. David Gérard, né le 26 novembre 1977 à Toulon (Var), est un joueur de rugby à XV français. Il a joué en équipe de France et évolue au poste de deuxième ligne au sein de l… … Wikipédia en Français
David, Gerard — born с 1460, Oudewater, Neth. died Aug. 13, 1523, Bruges Netherlandish painter. He worked mainly in Bruges, where he entered the painters guild in 1484 and became dean in 1501. He became the city s leading painter after the death of Hans Memling … Universalium
David,Gerard — Da·vid (däʹvət), Gerard. 1460? 1523. Dutch painter of religious subjects who is regarded as one of the most important Flemish primitives. * * * … Universalium
David, Gerard — (1460, Oudewater, Países Bajos–13 ago. 1523, Brujas). Pintor flamenco. Trabajó principalmente en Brujas, donde ingresó al gremio de pintores en 1484, y llegó a ser decano en 1501. Se convirtió en el principal pintor de la ciudad tras la muerte de … Enciclopedia Universal
Gerard David — The Virgin among angels (1509) A self portrait of Gerard David on the top left corner Musée des Beaux Arts, Rouen Born c. 1460 Oudewater … Wikipedia
Gérard David — Pour les articles homonymes, voir David Gérard et David. Mariage mystique de sainte Catherine (1505 1510) … Wikipédia en Français
GÉRARD (F.) — GÉRARD FRANÇOIS baron (1770 1837) Peintre d’histoire et portraitiste dont l’activité et la faveur s’étendent de la Révolution à la Restauration, qui lui confère le titre de baron, François Gérard est né à Rome, où son père est l’intendant du… … Encyclopédie Universelle